Invention of Watch
Just prior to and during World War II, Panerai started supplying the Navy, now known as the Marina Militare, with compasses and depth gauges designed to be worn on the wrist by the devastatingly effective underwater commandos, frogmen, divers and sappers who made up the elite Decima Flottiglia MAS with their infamous manned torpedoes. In 1936 Panerai produced its first prototype Radiomir watch, with a water-resistant case, luminous dial and Perspex crystal, which after rigorous testing entered production in 1938 using Rolex movements, specially made for Panerai by the Swiss watchmaker. This is now considered by many to be the first true diver’s watch. Later versions used Angelus movements, and in 1949, the Radiomir was replaced by the Luminor with its ingenious locking crown guard lever. For the next 44 years Panerai continued to make watches and other instruments exclusively for military use, and in 1993 produced its first collection of limited edition timepieces, based on the historic military models, for the general public.
You’ve probably heard the story of how Sylvester Stallone “discovered” Panerai in 1995, helping to popularize oversized watches, following which the company produced special Slytech models engraved with his signature. The cases were massive at 47mm, a size originally dictated by visibility underwater. In 1997 Panerai was acquired by the Vendôme Group, now called the Richemont Group, and the 800-plus highly-coveted watches made from 1993-1997 are now known as “pre-Vendôme” models. Various Swiss movements, including the ETAs much maligned by watch snobs, were in use up until 2005 when the brand, which had established the Panerai Manufacture in Neuchâtel, Switzerland in 2002, debuted its first in-house movement, the P.2002, a hand-wound calibre with GMT function and an 8-day power reserve.
These days Panerai produces several stunning “historic” models and unapologetically pursues the upper reaches of the luxury market. One of its brand new models, the Radiomir 1940 Torbillon GMT Oro Rosso, limited to just 30 pieces, is also its most expensive wristwatch at $153, 000, though other (and to our mind handsomer) models start at about $5, 000, while second-hand Luminors can be found for about $3, 750 and up. While pondering the purchase of a Panerai it’s worthwhile investing in a copy of an attractive new book, titled simply Panerai, published by the Italian imprint Marsilio and distributed by Rizzoli in the U.S. The slipcased volume contains 120 color photos in addition to an introduction by Panerai CEO Angelo Bonati, and covers everything from the early history of the brand to its current sponsorship of classic yacht regattas around the world. We warn you however that it might just bring on an itchy wrist.